Six patients were started on the Atkins diet for the treatment of intractable focal and multifocal epilepsy. Five patients maintained moderate to large ketosis for periods of 6 weeks to 24 months; three patients had seizure reduction and were able to reduce antiepileptic medications. This provides preliminary evidence that the Atkins diet may have a role as therapy for patients with medically resistant epilepsy.
Efficacy of the Atkins Diet as Therapy For Intractable Epilepsy
Kima (2011). "Various Indications For a Modified Atkins Diet in Intractable Childhood Epilepsy." Brain and Development.